EDPB Issues Opinion on Intersection of GDPR and ePrivacy
The European Data Protection Board has published a 24 page Opinion of the Board under Article 64 on the interplay between the ePrivacy Directive and the GDPR. The opinion was adopted in order to ensure a consistent interpretation of GDPR throughout the European Economic Area. It was adopted during the Eighth Plenary session.
During the session, the EDPB also adopted a statement according to its press release “calling upon EU legislators to intensify efforts towards the adoption of the ePrivacy Regulation ….” It also said that the ePrivacy Regulation “should under no circumstance lower the level of protection offered by the current ePrivacy Directive and should complement the GDPR by providing additional strong guarantees for all types of electronic communications.”
Interplay Between GDPR and the ePrivacy Directive
The Belgian Data Protection Authority requested the Opinion “in particular regarding the competence, tasks and powers of data protection authorities” in early December of last year. The Belgian DPA also asked whether processing can be governed by both the ePrivacy Directive and the GDPR.
EDPB cited to case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) to confirm that processing can fall within both the ePrivacy Directive and GDPR at the same time. Although the decision mentioned dealt with the predecessor, the Opinion walks through several references in GDPR to materials covered in the ePrivacy Directive. At the same time, it notes that Article 95 and Recital 173 limit the impact of GDPR on the provision of publicly available electronic communications services in public communication networks in the EU on matters where there are specific obligations with the same objective in the ePrivacy Directive.
On the interplay between the two laws, EDPB describes the ePrivacy Directive function as “to particularise” and “to complement” GDPR. Where ePrivacy particularizes GDPR by rendering it more specific, it takes precedence over the more general provisions of GDPR. However, any processing not specifically governed by the ePrivacy Directive remains covered by the provisions of GDPR. Examples of ePrivacy particularizing GDPR included Article 6 on processing of “traffic data”, and Article 5(3) on information stored in the end-user’s device.
EDPB provided an example relevant to the interplay with regard to cookies:
In the areas off ePrivacy that “complement” GDPR, EDPB described the additional protections as “supplementing the GDPR”.
On the question of the data protection authorities competence to enforce GDPR where it intersects with ePrivacy, EDPB said that “[t]he mere fact that a subset of the processing falls within the scope of the ePrivacy directive, does not limit the competence of data protection authorities under the GDPR.” Member States have flexibility on which authority to entrust with enforcement, but where it is the same body, the EDPB made clear that it “cannot automatically rely on the tasks and powers foreseen in the GDPR to enforce national ePrivacy rules”.
The conclusion highlights a few of the data protection principles specified above:
– DPAs can enforce the ePrivacy Directive only if they are given authority by national law.
– DPA enforcement on actions that violate GDPR and ePrivacy, where the nation has not granted additional powers, should be justified only on GDPR.
– DPAs can enforce GDPR even where a subset of the processing falls within the ePrivacy.
Link to the PDF of the Opinion: https://edpb.europa.eu/sites/edpb/files/files/file1/201905_edpb_opinion_eprivacydir_gdpr_interplay_en_0.pdf
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